就算沒有上百個,也有幾十個問題可以向EE應聘者提問,而本文要介紹的,就是電子技術設計(EDN)美國版編輯Evan的九個秘密武器(翻譯時特地保留了英文方便大家對照):

1、Describe the most challenging engineering project you have been involved in during the past year. What made this project challenging for you?

描述過去一年中參與的最具挑戰性的工程項目。目的挑戰點是什麼?

This question not only helps you get a better understanding of what the candidate believes is a challenging project, but it also shows you what they have learned from past challenges in the field. In most cases, you will want to have more questions in your back pocket to get even more information out of this question. Consider follow-up questions about how the candidate overcame the challenges they faced and what they learned from it.

這個問題不僅可以更好地理解應聘者認為的具有挑戰性的項目是什麼,還可以顯示他們從該領域過去的挑戰中學到了什麼。在大多數情況下,希望能引申出更多的問題來獲得更多的資訊。考慮的引申問題可包括:候選人如何克服他們面臨的挑戰,以及他們從中學到了什麼。

2、Tell me about an experience you had with a difficult client. How did you handle the situation? Looking back, what would you have done differently? (you could substitute boss if the candidate hadn’t dealt directly with customers)

告訴我一個和難相處的客戶的經歷。您是如何處理這種情況的?回顧一下,您會做什麼改變?(如果應聘者沒有直接與客戶打交道,對象可以替換成老闆)

It is important to see how potential employees deal with pressure from difficult clients. You need someone who won’t damage critical relationships with your clients when things get tough. A good candidate will demonstrate the ability to listen to a client’s problem and fix the problem in a way that is suitable for all parties.

重要的是要看到應聘者如何應對來自困難客戶的壓力。當事情變得棘手時,您需要一個不會破壞與客戶關係的人。一個好的應聘者會展現出傾聽客戶問題的能力,並用適合各方的方式解決這個問題。

By asking what the candidate would have done differently, you can see how the individual has grown since the event.

透過詢問應聘者會有什麼不同的做法,可以看到這個人自那次事件後的成長情況。

3、How do you stay current with the latest technology?

如何與最新的技術保持同步?

Engineering is a fast-paced field. In an ever-changing environment, it is important to keep up with technology. You could even ask specific questions about a new technology that is gaining traction in the field to see if the candidates know much about what is current.

工程學是一個進展節奏快的領域。在這個日新月異的環境下,與技術齊肩並進是很重要的。甚至可以問一個關注度比較高的新技術的具體問題,看看應聘者是否瞭解當前的趨勢。

4、Tell me about a time you had to lead. How would you describe your leadership style?

告訴我關於您擔任領導者的一段時間,如何描述領導風格?

Most non-junior people have had some sort of leadership role(s). This could have been a large project involving many people, or a simpler task with only one other. Regardless, you want someone who knows how to step up when they are needed. You’ll learn how the candidates define leadership, and how they will function in that role at your company. You want to look for someone with leadership qualities that fit in with your company’s culture.

大多數非初級人員多少都做過領導者的角色,可能是一個涉及許多人的大型項目,或者只是一個簡單的任務。無論如何,您需要一個知道如何在需要的時候站出來的人。將瞭解應聘者如何界定領導力,以及他們將如何在貴公司擔任這一角色。您想找一個與公司文化相適應的具有領導才能的人。

5、What do you enjoy the most and least about engineering?

關於工程師,您最喜歡和最不喜歡部分各是什麼?

When it comes to hiring a new engineer, you want to ensure that you are picking someone who has a good attitude about the job they will be asked to do every day. You are looking for someone who is interested in the things that your particular position has to offer. If their least favorite activity is a big part of the position, you will immediately know they aren’t the right fit.

在聘請一位新工程師時,要確保挑選了一個對他們每天要做的工作持良好態度的人,要找的是對制定職位感興趣的人。如果他們最不喜歡的活動是這個職位的重要組成部分,馬上就會知道他們不是合適的人選。

6、Where do you see yourself five (or ten) years from now?

您認為自己五(或十年)以後會怎麼樣?

This is a common interview question regardless of the type of position. You should ask this question to get a better feel for the goals of the candidates. No employer wants to hire someone who doesn’t expect to stick around for a while, and engineering positions are no different.

這是一個常見的面試問題,不管職位的類型如何。應該問這個問題,以便更好地瞭解應聘者的目標。沒有雇主願意雇傭一個預計不會堅持工作一段時間的人,工程師的職位也不例外。

7、Can you describe the most challenging written technical report or presentation you’ve had to complete?

能描述完成的最具挑戰性的書面技術報告或演講嗎?

You want to know about a candidate’s verbal and written skills as well as their engineering skills. As the candidate explains the report or presentation, you’ll gain insight into what they find challenging, and what kinds of information gathering and presentation projects the candidate has been responsible for in the past, while also learning about their communications skills.

想知道應聘者的口條和書面表達能力,以及他們的工程技能。當應聘者解釋報告或演講時,將瞭解他們發現的挑戰,以及過去應聘者負責什麼樣的資訊收集和陳述專案,同時也瞭解他們的溝通技巧。

8、What checks and balances do you put in place to ensure that you don’t make mistakes?

有什麼方式確保不犯錯?

It is important that candidates know how to check their own work to prevent mistakes. This is a question that will often make candidates think about the way they do things, even though they might not have considered it much before. Even if they aren’t aware of it, most candidates already have some sort of system in place to prevent errors in their work, and this question just makes them think about it.

應聘者應該知道如何檢查自己的工作以防止錯誤,這點很重要。這通常是一個讓候選人思考他們做事的方式的問題,儘管他們以前可能沒有考慮過。即使他們沒有意識到這一點,大多數的候選人已經有了某種方法來防止他們工作出現錯誤,而這個問題只是讓他們思考。

Candidates may ask a colleague to check over their ideas and work, and/or use helpers like spreadsheets, timelines, checklists, etc. No matter what the system is, it is important that each candidate has one and can describe it thoroughly.

應聘者可以請同事檢查一下工作、探討一下想法,或者使用諸如試算表、時間表、核對表等輔助工具。不管這個系統是什麼,重要的是每個候選人要有一個,並且可以完整地描述它。

9、Have you ever been asked to work on a decreased budget or help reduce costs?

是否曾被要求減少預算或降低成本?

Companies all want to save money. Candidates experienced in finding ways to reduce costs could be instrumental in decreasing costs within your company, as there are bound to be times when saving money is an important aspect of the job.

公司都想省錢。在降低成本方面經驗豐富的應聘者有助於降低公司的成本,因為一定會有需要節省開支的時候。

Interviewing can be a tough job. You will often talk with numerous qualified engineers, and will need to sort through them to find the best fit for the position. While you are interviewing candidates, keep your company’s atmosphere in mind. You want to pick someone who is more than just qualified; you want someone who can also fit in with the other employees.

面試可能是一項艱難的工作。您會經常與眾多合格的工程師交談,並需要對其進行分類以找到適合這個職位的最佳人選。當在面試應聘者時,要記住公司的氛圍,挑選一個不僅僅是適合職位的人,更是能與其他員工和諧相處的人。

As you conduct more interviews, you will surely add your own questions to this list, and find new ways to get differentiating information out of potential engineering employees during the interview process, such as with follow-up and field-specific questions. Try to enjoy your time on the employer side of the table. It can be taxing, but is ultimately rewarding.

當進行更多的面試時,肯定會將自己的問題添加到這個列表中,並在面試過程中找到新的方法來區分潛在的工程技術人員,例如後續問題和特定領域的問題。試著享受您作為面試官的時間,可能很費精力,但最終是有益的。

(參考原文:9 best questions to ask an EE job candidate,by Evan McDowell,EDN China Demi編譯)